Portugal’s second largest city, Porto, is a thriving economic center as well as a place of great traditional importance. The town lends its name to the port wine produced in the region and the nation as a whole. Porto, perched amid the rocky embankment carved by the Douro River, is filled with picturesque neighborhoods, fashionable restaurants and lively markets like Bolhão, where you can buy almost anything.
Like Lisbon, Porto has a long history—its historic center is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Its romantic 16th- through 19th-century buildings are set among narrow cobbled streets dotted with baroque cathedrals. The harbor features graceful bridges and the small boats traditionally used to transport casks of port wine downriver. Porto is surrounded by small communities such as Foz, an old fishing village where some of Porto’s wealthy families keep summer homes.